For a peninsular state like Italy, which extends completely in the Mediterranean, it is crucial to possess multifunctional naval vessels, capable of carrying aircraft, logistical support, but also to escort merchant naval groups, providing intelligence and reach inhospitable areas .

At this the Navy also adds an adequate surface force, a valid underwater component, an air component fixed and rotary wing embarked, a modern group of amphibious units and landing craft, as well as an effective force minesweepers.